At the end of 2019, 5G technology will begin to spread. Technology enthusiasts, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and telecom companies launched 5G. This development is a development that will significantly increase wireless communication. Some experts claim it will encourage innovation and job creation, while others consider 5G unsafe. Larger and different concerns are foreseen with respect to 5G technology compared to Wi-Fi.
What is 5G?
5G is the abbreviation for fifth generation mobile phones. Every decade, the New Generation Mobile Networks Alliance publishes new standards for wireless communication. These standards are partially updated according to consumer demand. When cell phones were invented 30+ years ago, they were analog (1G), but later switched to digital with the next generation (2G). As digital generations lasted, mobile phone signals have been able to send information faster and faster. For example, 4G mobile phones, today’s, are 2 gigahertz data streams that transmit 10 megabits of information, which is sufficient for video streaming.
However, the frequency that 4G currently occupies (2 gigahertz) does not have enough space for all the data that 5G transmits. Each generation has increased frequently to provide more data transfer. On the other hand, a mobile phone with 5G uses millimeter waves and goes up to 90 gigahertz, and 4G was 2 gigahertz. These mobile phones also contain something new called MIMO. MIMO means multiple input, multiple output; this means there is more than one data stream, not just one data stream. As with the new technology, 5G is exponentially faster and more complex than 4G.
Pros and Cons of 5G
The benefits of 5G are obvious. It means a faster phone and other devices. It also means potentially exponentially sending and receiving more information. It will also be more responsive and reduce latency (between touching a link and page loading) to one millisecond. 5G will also support more connections. This means that objects beyond phones, laptops and tablets may have an Internet connection. So this will be the case for many objects such as TVs, refrigerators, locks, etc. The aim is to make life easier by creating a network of interconnected objects that can communicate with each other and can be controlled remotely. However, 5G communication has serious disadvantages:
• Reduced skins and increased base stations : As each generation coverage decreases, this is because higher frequencies are more easily absorbed by objects and also do not pass through walls. So it will need more base stations to cover the same area in each generation. With 5G, there will be no more signals, but it will grow up like small antennas to be installed on rooftops, light poles and other places around the community.
• Reduced cyber security: Since every wireless technology will be under 5G network, cyber security can be affected. With more and more objects on the network, there is more chance for information to be compromised.
• Privacy: Due to the change in signal positions, it will be much easier to determine where it is. For example, if a person’s phone is connected to a base station that serves 1 mile, it means it is within that area and closing the location will not help.
• Health: The main concern is potential health problems. The introduction of the 5G network exponentially increases exposure to the IMF.
What is EMF?
Electromagnetic fields (IMFs), also known as electromagnetic radiation, consist of photons in an electric field and a magnetic field extending perpendicular to each other. These areas move together in an invisible waveform. There are two forms of EMF:
• Low frequency EMF radiation: This non-ionizing radiation has lower frequencies than visible light. Examples include IMFs from microwave ovens, computers, visible light, smart meters, Wi-Fi, mobile phones, Bluetooth, power lines and MRIs.
• High frequency EMF radiation : These frequencies are ionizing radiation and a higher frequency than visible light. Examples include ultraviolet (UV) light, X-rays and gamma rays.
IMFs (also known as radio frequency radiation) from 5G technology are considered non-ionizing, although at a much higher frequency than previous generations.
Are IMFs Harmful?
It is known that the human body is a versatile electromagnetic system. The nervous system, circulatory system and even mitochondria go through electrical impulses. The world and solar system also have natural IMFs. For example, the earth has its own magnetic field, so it can use a compass to find the north pole. The sun is also a natural source of EMF (visible light and UV radiation) Obviously, people develop with these EMF sources.
The problem comes with man-made EMGs. The body’s electromagnetic signals are much weaker compared to man-made IMFs. Because these frequencies are so powerful, some experts theory that they can interfere with electromagnetic systems inside the body. Thanks to Wi-Fi, mobile phone use and other EMF exposure, it is not uncommon for people to be exposed to man-made IMFs 24 hours a day, so this question deserves some additional research.
There are many people who claim that they are safe because signals from mobile phones, Wi-Fi and similar sources are not ionizing. However, the absence of evidence of harm does not mean that there is no harm, it means it is not yet known. There is no clear study or evidence to prove the safety of non-ionizing radiation. As is known, it is unreasonable to think that it can damage non-ionizing radiation, since it has a detectable harm with ionizing radiation (X-rays). For this reason, each cell phone generation brings people closer to ionizing radiation levels. In fact, 5G technology ionizing radiation is one third of the way.
Problem With 5G
Although 5G technology is 45 times the frequency of 4G, it is not yet known what this means for health Technology is developing so fast that there is no time to notice any effects. For example, 30 years ago, there was no mobile phone, tablet or smartphone. There is a complete change in the electrical environment experienced in one generation, and children are growing up. Children, babies and unborn are at higher risk than their size. The current EMF guidelines are for a 6-meter-high person rather than children or infants, indicating how miserable the situation is.
EMF expert Daniel DeBaun explains in this podcast episode that EMF awareness is similar to what we learned about the effects of trans fats on health. Research proving that trans fats are harmful appeared 45 years ago, but a few years ago the public began to fully understand the risk. And companies have started new studies to eliminate them.
What Does Science Say About IMFs?
Although research on IMF exposure is still in its infancy, healthcare organizations such as the World Health Organization (WHO) have developed guidelines on how safe it is to be exposed to the IMF. These rules are in force because there are some concerns about the IMF exposure safety. What is known about the health risks of EMGs up to 4G is actually sufficient to understand the danger. In the 2011 Lancet article, the International Cancer Research Agency (IARC) concluded that IMFs are classified as possible carcinogens class 2B, due to the limited number of available research.
IARC explains that short-term studies on people using EMF emitting devices are not definitive. It should be remembered that work is impossible for long-term use, because the technology is very new. However, in rodent studies that track animals throughout their lives, wireless radiation has been found to cause cancer or worsen cancer prognosis. Additional observed changes occurred in the brain and blood-brain barrier in these animals. A 2017 review clearly shows that exposure to the IMF can affect human health by providing:
Changes in antioxidant levels
• Decreased learning ability
• Cognitive impairment
In addition, a 2014 study found that even very low frequency IMFs cause DNA damage and potential cancer. These studies clearly demonstrate that, although not true, IMFs threaten health and the environment because of what they have experienced so far.